Heian Sandan (Peaceful form, third level)
Original name: Pinan Sandan (peaceful form/safe from harm, third level)

Heian Sandan is a dynamic kata that introduces kiba dachi and fumikomi, with characteristics that indicate close-up and short-range fighting techniques.

kosa uke
tate zuki / ushiro empi uchi

History

The five Pinan kata (shodan to godan) were created in about 1904 by Yasutsune Itosu and formed the basis of karate as it was introduced into the school system on Okinawa, not long after the martial art emerged from being taught in secret.

It is not clear whether Itosu created the set from scratch, adapting some of the sequences from more advanced kata, or, as some traditions dictate, he took a longer and older kata, called Channan (or Chiang Nan), and broke it up into five shorter forms.

When Gichin Funakoshi introduced karate on to the Japanese mainland he changed the Chinese-sounding Pinan to the more Japanese Heian, from the phrase heiwa antei, meaning peace and calm, signifying that mastery of these kata would give the practitioner peace of mind if having to defend themselves. ~ GE