The women have particularly distinctive dress consisting of a black gown, tied at the waist, and brightly patterned designs on the hem, sleeves, and shoulders and upper torso. But was it that way in the 1920s? According to Akiko Wada, a Japanese woman who married into the Kalasha, with roads came synthetic fabrics, and therefore more colourful yarns. She shows a plainer dark brown wool variation of the gown which is more traditional.
To the right of the two women is a door ornament design, and the wooden carving below-left is an effigy of the horse of Balimain, one of the Kalasha gods (the Kalasha are what used to be known as kafirs - unbelievers, or non-muslims). The black and white line drawing is a study of the braids and a headdress.
There are only about 3,000 Kalasha today, living in three valleys in the Chitral region of northern Pakistan. Woven into their past is the idea that they are descended (fully or partially) from soldiers of Alexander the Great, a theory that had been applied to many of the tribes of old Kafiristan to the west (now called Nuristan, since Abdurrahman forced them to see the light and convert). If you've seen the fantastic John Huston adaptation of The Man Who Would Be King, then you'll know something about that. It is probably true to say the Kalasha do not refute the Alexander connection too strongly, given that it brings in much needed funding from Greeks keen to strengthen their connection to this fascinating people.